Sweet flag is a herbaceous perennial, 30–100 cm (12–39 in) tall. In habit it resembles the iris, and has given its name to the flag iris, I. pseudacorus. It consists of tufts of basal leaves that rise from a spreading rhizome. The leaves are erect......
Lithuanians had ancient names for most plants and knew which plants to use for particular healings, body, work and house hygiene. It was also established which parts to use, when to pick, how to prepare, use and in what quantities. There were warnings that medicinal plants can cause poisonings. Herbal grasses were collected before noon, for they sleep in the afternoon and their medicinal activity is slower then. Buds were picked very early in spring, before they opened.
Plants were collected into baskets, placed in single layers to dry in clean, dry and airy attics. Roots were washed, thick ones were cut up to speed their drying. Dried herbs were placed into linen bags and hung in dry, well ventilated places. Medicinal plants were collected according to their healing properties and used for teas and cordials. There is a famous magical three nines alcoholic herbal extract, ” Trejos Devynerios”, used in Lithuanian folk medicine. Ointments were made mixing finely crushed herbs and roots with unsalted animal fats and butter, honey, oils and other materials. Herbal remedies were drunk 2-3 times per day, on an empty stomach, at bedtime when all is quiet. Fresh herbs were placed directly on the painful spot. The patient was incensed with herbs and was bathed in herbal infusions. Illness had to be removed not only from the inside but also from the outside of the body, by washing away. Those suffering from head, joint or rheumatic pains slept on mattresses stuffed with healing herbs. Garlic and horse’s shank were worn around the neck to protect from contagious illnesses.